Sanskrit slokas and Maths : Mathematics in ancient India

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Sanskrit slokas and Maths ( संस्कृत श्लोक में गणित ) : Mathematics in ancient India

There has been a strong association between Sanskrit slokas and mathematics. Several studies have pointed out to the amazing patterns that are hidden in some slokas, the nuances behind the mathematical logic and the tricks connected to solving problems. Although this topic is extensive, we can analyse the same through some slokas here.

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There was a particular numerical code that was used in many slokas. Consider this sloka:
“Kaadi nava
Taadi nava
Paadi panchaka
Yadyashtaka
Kshah sunyam”

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If you examine the words carefully, Kaadi Nava, starting from ka or the Hindi equivalent of ka, the sequence of 9 letters are represented by 1,2,..9. The same can be said for Taadi Nava , starting from ta, Paadi panchaka starting from pa, Yadyashtaka(1-8) starting from ya, and ksha that represents 0.
If you want to examine further, we can mark the letters of the alphabet in Hindi as follows:

ka1, kha
2, ga3, gha4, gna5,
cha6, cha7, ja8, jha9.

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ta1, tha2, da3, dha4, na5,
Ta6, Tha7, Da8, Dha9.
pa1, pha2, ba3, bha4, ma5.
ya1, ra2, la3, va4, Sa5, sha6, sa7, ha8.
kshah0.
Another significant sloka that reveals the PI value is:

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gopeebhaagya maDhuvraathaH shruMgashodhaDhi saMDhigaH
khalajeevithakhaathaava galahaalaa rasaMDharaH

ga-3, pa-1, bha-4, ya -1, ma-5, Dhu-9, ra-2, tha-6, shru-5, ga-3, sho-5, dha-8, Dhi -9, sa-7, Dha- 9, ga-3, kha-2, la-3, jee-8, vi-4, tha-6, kha-2, tha-6, va-4, ga-3, la-3, ha-8, la-3, ra-2, sa-7, Dha-9, ra-2. Refer to the first sloka, and you get the numerical values for each letter.
In simple terms, we can explain the same in a different way. Generally, the Pi value is written as 3.14159. However, what is amazing is that eons ago, our ancestors had defeated time and discovered the same thorough a sloka.

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Sanskrit slokas and Maths : Mathematics in ancient India
Sanskrit slokas and Maths : Mathematics in ancient India



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We can also find specific patterns in the words with respect to rhyming words, number of words per line and so on in many slokas.  Thus, a strong link does exist between mathematics and slokas and the deeper one analyses, more discreet facts can be brought to the forefront.  

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