In the globalised world, where technological advancements are happening every other day, jobs are becoming more automated than ever. Thus, the requirement for highly skilled professionals with strong domain knowledge and technical skills is increasing in all the fast-growing industries. Thus, emerges the need for STEM Education System.
What is STEM Education?
STEM stands for Science Technology Engineering Mathematics and STEM Education refers to studying these areas with theoretical as well as a practical approach. The abbreviation was announced by the scientific administrators of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the USA in 2001.
A STEM curriculum is designed to provide its students with maximum possible practical exposure and hands-on experience in a particular field. It offers a perfect blend of course modules with a few mandatory lab assignments and group projects, which help in learning through practical implementation of theoretical knowledge.
What Are The Challenges in Implementing Early STEM Learning in Schools?
Most schools start STEM based education at elementary level or later. And a lot of it is linked with robotics and coding. At this level, teachers are more equipped and trained to understand and boost this sort of education with older kids.
But at preprimary level, the education has not evolved from ages. One of the main challenges is that the teachers at this level are not trained or equipped to undertake this form of education
the most in-demand STEM careers right now:
Computing is one of the fastest growing STEM fields. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, roughly 71% of STEM careers are in computing. Not sure what “computing” is, exactly? Just think along the lines of Software Developers, Statisticians, or Computer Systems Analysts. If they work with computers or programs, they probably have a career in computing.
This high demand for computing professionals makes sense if you consider how much of our lives have become reliant on some form of digital technology. It’s how we communicate and keep in touch. It’s how we entertain ourselves.
It starts the engines in our cars; in medical practices, it keeps us alive; it drives massive segments of our economy; and for better or worse, advances in digital technology will continue to control the future direction of our society. As our daily lives become more reliant on software and digital devices, jobs in computing will become increasingly more important.
Engineering and Physical Science is the next largest category of in-demand STEM careers. These are careers like Orthodontists, Petroleum Engineers, Biochemists, Nurse Anesthetists, Civil Engineers, and Cartographers. Yes, cartographers—map makers—are still a thing and they earn a median salary of $63,990. These types of careers have much less to do with computers and more to do with rolling up your sleeves and getting elbow deep in real work, with real results that you can see right now.
Life Sciences and Mathematics are much smaller fields than the previous two, but they make up the third most significant chunk of STEM careers. These two fields involve the more theoretical STEM careers that account for only a small amount of the demand for STEM professionals. These are careers like being a Clinical Research Associate or an Economist that—while still in demand—might be harder to find a position in.
However, these are by no means your only options when it comes to STEM careers. It doesn’t matter whether you prefer working with computers, building robots, drawing blueprints for skyscrapers, or developing groundbreaking medicine. If you can make it through a STEM program in college, there’s a STEM career for you.
STEM Education in India
At the wake of initiatives and policies such as Make in India and Skill India by the Government with the objective of taking India to a higher pedestal of academic and scientific excellence, there has been a great amount of pressure applied on the demand for STEM Education in India, in order to churn out highly skilled graduates.
One of the biggest challenges faced by the education sector of India is the science education of it’s sizeable young population. A majority of India’s population still lives in economically challenging conditions.
Under such circumstances, for educational institutions to keep pace with scientific and technological innovations is a challenge itself. More importantly, including latest development in STEM Learning in their curricula in a holistic manner keeping in mind both students employability as well as social development is a key challenge.
The Wall Street Journal reported in 2011 that 75 percent of India’s tech grads aren’t qualified for jobs in the very high-tech global industries India has become famous for. Therefore, STEM education in India has become an integral part in catering to the need of fulfilling the loopholes in the education sector that is hindering the growth of the employability and skill of student and graduates in India.
Several private and government initiatives have been undertaken to introduce and establish STEM initiatives in primary, secondary and higher education in India, but they are neither concerted nor consistent. Yet it must be observed that a considerable number of Indian students have enrolled in STEM categories of education.
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